TRANS ANATOLIAN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT (TANAP)
The TANAP Project along with Shah Deniz Stage 2 Gas Field Development Project and the South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) and the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) Projects, forms the Southern Gas Corridor. It aims to transport the natural gas extracted from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz II field in the Caspian Sea as well as from other fields in the South of the Caspian Sea, to Turkey and Europe.
As one of the largest and most important steps in the successful cooperation between two brotherly countries Azerbaijan and Turkey, the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) is not merely a bi-national project but the most critical link of the Southern Gas Corridor, which has strategic importance for Europe and global energy geopolitics.
TANAP will contribute to security of Turkish and European energy markets create favorable conditions for gas-to gas competition by ensuring route and resource diversification and facilitate the development of economic and political cooperation between the European Union and those countries along supply chain.
The Trans Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline will not only contribute to securing Turkey’s and Europe’s energy supply, but also help to maintain peace and stability in the region.
The legal basis of the project is drawn up with the Intergovernmental Agreement concerning the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline System between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the “Host Government Agreement” signed in İstanbul on June 26, 2012.
TANAP will connect with SCP at the Turkish-Georgian border at Posof district of Ardahan, cross20 provinces and 67 districts in Turkey until the Ipsala district of Edirne at Turkish-Greek border, and from this point, will be linked to the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) which will transport natural gas to European markets.
The Trans Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline system consists of the 1850 km main line, including a 19 km offshore section at the Dardanelle Strait. The diameter of the pipes will be 56 inches from the Georgian Border to Eskisehir offtake point in Turkey, and 48 inches from Eskisehir to the Greek border. The offshore section will be a twin pipeline system in 36 inch diameter.
The project is scheduled to be completed in 2018, and gas flow to Turkey will start the same year. The gas flow is planned to increase in 4 phases. Initial capacity will be 16 billion cubic meters, and 6 billion cubic meters will be delivered to Turkey starting from second half of 2018, gradually increasing from 2 bcm to 6 bcm. The gas flow to Europe will start in the first quarter of 2020 with an initial capacity of 10 billion cubic meters. TANAP’s transmission capacity is expected to rise to 24 billion cubic meters by 2023 and to 31 billion cubic meters by 2026.