The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)

The last section of the SGC is the TAP, planned to link the TANAP with the Italian gas network, running over 870 km across Greece (545 km), Albania (211 km), the Adriatic seabed (105 km) and finally Italy (8 km.) The TAP project dates back to 2003 and in 2012 entered negotiations with the Shah Deniz Consortium, finalised in June 2013 when was selected as the transportation route for the Azerbaijani gas to Europe. Shareholders of the TAP are BP (20%), SOCAR (20%), Statoil (20%), Fluxys (19%), Enagas (16%) and Axpo (5%). The project will cost about 1.5 $bn and is expected to be complete in 2018. Its initial planned capacity is 10 bcm, which can be upgraded to 20 bcm. The TAP project is supported by the EU as a “Project of Common Interest” and part of the Southern Corridor. As the SCP and the TANAP are planned to be supplied by new sources, the TAP, on the other side, can be connected to new delivery routes in order to supply South Eastern Europe countries, as planned in the projects of the Interconnector Greece Bulgaria (IGB) and of the Ionian Adriatic Pipeline (IAP). On the 29 April 2015, the Council of Ministers of Italy has approved the final authorisation for the TAP project, confirming also the arrival location in Melendugno.